1945

  • First world audition of Concerto  for violin and piano and string quartet, from 1933, by Radamés Gnattali having the author as piano soloist and Célio Nogueira, violin solo, performed at the theater hall of Brazilian Press Association in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), during the Third Concert of Brazilian Society of Chamber Music, and conducted by Maestro Léo Peracchi.

 

  • First South-American audition of Concerto nº 2 for piano and orchestra, from 1936, performed in Montevideo by the Brazilian pianist Nise Obino [1] and conducted by Maestro Carlos Estrada.

 

  • The London BBC Symphonic Orchestra performs and registers the Brasiliana nº 1, from 1944, for orchestra, conducted by Clarence Reybould [2].

 

 

Brasiliana [nº 1]
Brasiliana [nº 1]

Brasiliana nº 1 – for grand orchestra
Orquestra Sinfônica Nacional
Alceo Bocchino, conduct
SOARMEC – S-004 (1997)

 

  • On November 24th, Villa-Lobos creates the Brazilian Music Academy [3]. As a founding member, Radamés is elected to occupy the Chair nº 2.

 

  • Continental Records registers the choro song Fumaça do meu cachimbo, by Radamés, perfomred by Francisco Sergi and orchestra.

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Melodias do Brasil – para piano a quatro mãos (in four hands – for beginners)

 

 

  • The poet, journalist, writer, photographer, essayist, folklorist, and musicologist Mário de Andrade dies in São Paulo (SP).

 

  • The maestro and composer Francisco Braga dies in Rio de Janeiro (RJ).

 

 

  • The Hungarian composer Bela Bartók dies in New York; together with Ravel and Rachmaninoff, they were the three Radamés’ favorite composers of the 20th century

 

 

  • The Brazilian government grants amnesty to all political prisoners and Luís Carlos Prestes is set free, after 10 years in prison.

 

  • The Brazilian Army provokes President Getúlio Vargas’ renoucement. He leaves the government seat, exiled in São Borja (RS). A cycle of 15 years of dictatorship in Brazil is ended, although it has been a period of important achievements when working rights are concerned.

 

  • The Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (PTB) (Brazilian Labor Party) is founded, the organizers being faithful to Vargas.

 

  • Brazil goes under general democratic election for the Congress and the Presidency.

 

  • Benito Mussolini is shot by a group of Italian bush-fighters. Adolf Hitler commits suicide in Germany.

 

  • May 8th! The Second World War is over. The United States delivers an atomic bomb over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan just three months after the war was over. Japan surrenders.

 

__________

  • [1] Interview with pianist Nise Obino –  A Noite, 08/25/1945  (Source: Hemeroteca da BN) 
  • [2] The maestro sends the following message to Radamés: “It has been a great pleasure for me, and the B.B.C. Symphony Orchestra, to record this delightful work. I shall look forward to making the acquaintance of more of Mr.Gnattali’s music, and also to playing Brasiliana again.  Clarence Raybould.  Nov 9th, 1945”.
  • [3] Academia Brasileira de Música website: History