1940

  • Born, in May 22nd, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), Roberta Gnattali [1], the second child of Radamés and Vera.

 

 

Quarteto no. 1

 

 

  • In April 19th, the Quarteto Borgerth  [2] presents with Columbia Records, the Quarteto nº 1, composed in 1939. That is the first concert piece by Radamés to be recorded.

 

 

profissional_

 

 

  • In July 17th, the first public audition of Radamés’ Quarteto nº 1 (1939), at the National School of Music in Rio de Janeiro, performed by Borgerth Quartet

 

 

recortes_

Gazeta de Notícias (RJ) > Maestro Radamés Gnattali records on “Columbia” discs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarteto nº 1, for 2 violins, viola and cello.
I – Movido (excerpt)
Quarteto Borghert 
Columbia -95075a / 271-1 (1940)

 

 

  • RCA Victor presents Radamés Gnattali new song Gaita, by Augusto Meyer’s poem, performed by the singer Christina Maristany, with grand orchestra and the author’s regency.

 

  • To commemorate its 4th Anniversary, National Radio presents a concert with Radamés Gnattali’s composition work, featuring his Rapsódia Brasileira para piano (for piano, from 1930).

 

  • Radamés composes the soundtrack and arragements for the film Argila, by Humberto Mauro, with music by Villa-Lobos and Heckel Tavares.

 

  • Almirante, José Mauro and Radamés organize at National Radio a new broadcast Instantâneos Sonoros [3], a musical documentary about Brazilian folklore.

 

recortes_
A Noite  (RJ) “Instantâneos sonoros do Brasil”

 

 

  • In Germany, the reputed Spanish pianist José Arriola [4] perform by Radamés Gnattali, his Fantasia Brasileira [nº 1] for piano and orchestra, featuring the Radio Orchestra of Berlin, regency by Georg Wach. 

 

recortes_
Carioca (RJ) > “Radamés, músico do Brasil”, by Leo Laner

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • A casinha pequenina para canto e piano(for singing and piano) – inspired by a popular song, author unknown.
    • Azulão para canto e piano (for singing and piano) – by Manuel Bandeira’s poem.
    • Quarteto popular para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)
    • Suíte para pequena orquestra (for small orchestra)
    • Três miniaturas (valsa, modinha e jongo) para orquestra (for orchestra, trascripted from the original piano solo, from 1936)
    • Trio miniatura para piano, violino e violoncelo (for piano, violin and cello)

 

 

 

  • The maestro and composer José Siqueira founds in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Symphonic Orchestra (Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira – OSB), remaing as its director until 1948.

 

  • Mário Quintana, born in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS), one of the most importante poets of Brazil published his first success Rua dos Cata-ventos.

 

  • The National Radio is encamped by the government, becoming the important radio broadcaster in the country [5].

 

  • Getúlio Vargas institutes the minimum wage.

 

  • Hitler invades France and assaults Paris.

 

 

 __________

[1] In 1966, Roberta Gnattali has graduated in the Medical School, at the Faculdade Nacional de Medicina da Praia Vermelha, Rio de Janeiro. In 1968,  she joined the Iraci Doyle Psychoanalyses Society, concluding her formation as a psychoanalist in 1975. Roberta had two boys, Leonardo and Rodrigo, from her marriage to Pedro Paulo Mello Campos.
[2] The Borgerth Quartet (in the record label  Quarteto Carioca) was formed by Oscar Borgerth (violin), Alda Borgerth (violin), Edmundo Blois (viola) and Iberê Gomes Grosso (cello).
[3] Read more in Press cutouts.
[4] Read more in Press cutouts
[5] “So far, the broadcast company belonged to an enterprise group including the newspaper A Noite, the Rio Editor, the São Paulo – Rio Grande Railway Company and a great piece of land at Paraná and Santa Catarina States. Over a thousand bushels were incorporated by the government on March 8th, 1940, when President Getúlio Vargas proclaimed the decree-law nº 2073, to pay a debt of 3 million sterling pounds assumed by the group and supported by the government”. (SAROLDI, L. C.; MOREIRA, S. V. Rádio Nacional – O Brasil em Sintonia. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 2005).