1939

  • Brazil participates of the Feira Mundial de Nova York (The Golden Gate International Exposition) and sends recordings of distinguished Classic Brazilian composers, such as Carlos Gomes, Alberto Nepomuceno, Alexandre Levy, Henrique Oswald, Lorenzo Fernandes, Francisco Mignone, Camargo Guarnieri, Villa-Lobos and Radamés Gnattali. From Radamés, the selected piece is Fantasia brasileira (1937) specially recorded for the event by the Music Union Orchestra of Rio de Janeiro, conducted by Romeu Ghipsman, with the author at the piano [1].

 

 

Fantasia Brasileira nº1 – for piano and orchestra I – Animado [extract] Orquestra do Sindicato Musical do Rio de Janeiro Romeu Ghipsman, conduct Radamés Gnattali, piano (Non-commercial recording – Private collection of Humberto Franceschi)

 

  • The Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro premieres, on July 28, the musical Joujoux e balangandans, big performance gathering the Mayrink Veiga and Nacional radio orchestras, with arrangements and regency by Radamés Gnattali. This spectacle brings the Premier of Aquarela do Brasil, by Ary Barroso. In the same year, Francisco Alves records at Odeon, with a legendary arrangement by Radamés [2].

 

Joujoux e balangandãs

Joujoux e balangaans

 

  • In October, Jardel Jércolis Company presents the operetta O tesouro do Sultão, by Ariovaldo Pires (known as Capitão Furtado), music and arragements by Radamés, at Teatro João Caetano, in Rio de Janeiro.

 

  • In December, the National Radio presents a private recital in their own studio, the first audition of Quarteto nº1 para 2 violinos, viola e violoncelo [3] (for 2 violins, viola and cello), by Radamés, composed in the very same year. Dedicated to Jorge de Lima, it was performed by Romeu Ghipsman and Célio Nogueira (violins), Edmundo Blois (viola) and Iberê Gomes Grosso (cello).

 

  • Odeon Records presents the choro Alma Brasileira and the batucada Eu hei de ver você chorar (partnership with Ocis), performed by their own orchestra.

 

  • The film Onde estás, felicidade?  was lauched, direction by Mesquitinha and music by Radamés and Luciano Perrone. Among the, the theme song Onde estás, felicidade?

Radamés composes:

    • Cantilena para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)
    • Quarteto nº 1 para 2 violinos, viola e violoncelo (2 violins, viola and cello) – dedicated to his friend Jorge de Lima
    • Valsas para pianosequency of 10 waltzes dedicated to the Spanish pianist José Arriola, published in 1945.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer, professor and maestro Ricardo Tacuchian.

 

  • The group Música Viva [4] comes up in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State,RJ), founded by the professor and composer Hans-Joachim Koellreutter, a German immigrant recently arrived in Brasil, in 1937.

 

  • Dorival Caymmi records his first album, with Carmen Miranda singing the song O que é que a baiana tem.

 

  • Carmen Miranda goes to the United States with her band “Bando da Lua” [5].

 

  • President Getúlio Vargas, the new dictator, has very much appreciated the new samba presented by Ary Barroso, so called the samba-exaltação (exaltation-samba), and he recommends it to the popular composers, suggesting they should abandon the “tricked and lasy” theme of their songs – as he would consider  it.

 

  • The Government creates the Press and Propaganda Department (DIP), with the major perspective was the promotion of governmental actions and censorship of communication and cultur events.

 

  • The USA reinforces the “Good Neighborhood Policy”, started in 1933, lending over 50 million dollars to Brazil.

 

  • Germany invades Poland. This is the beginning of the Second World War.

 

  • From New York (USA), the first public broadcast in television.

 

__________

[1] Sources got from the record labels 78 rpm, and 12”, gently offered by the researcher and writer Humberto Franceschi for this catalog.
[2] The “tan, tan, tan – tan, tan, tan” in this song had become very famous, and Radamés states: “This piece is not mine. It was Ary’s idea. He wanted that to sound with the contrabasses, but I thought there would be no effects, it would damn it. So, I decided to put 5 saxophones instead. The arrangement, in order to put the suggestion in the right place, this was mine!” Statement for MIS-RJ (Image and Sound Museum), in 1985.
[3] Go to Press cutouts > 1940 – Vamos Ler,  for the critic of Luiz Heitor Correa de Azevedo.
[4] Important composers, musicologists and critics have joined the Musica Viva Project, such as Luiz Heitor Corrêa de Azevedo, Brasílio Itiberê, Luiz Cosme, Octávio Bevilcqua, Vasco Mariz, Cláudio Santoro, Eunice Katunda, Edino Krieger and Guerra-Peixe. The composer Camargo Guarnieri was their major opponent.
[5] Carmen Miranda leaves to USA, being the main Brazilian counterpart to the “Good Neighborhood Policy” a social collaboration program among the American countries promoted by the United States’ Government. Carmen was meant to represent not only Brazil, but the whole “South American way”.