1937

  • Radamés Gnattali first audition of Sonata nº1 para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano, from 1935), at the National School of Music, in Rio de Janeiro, performed by the cello player Iberê Gomes Grosso (to whom the piece is dedicated), accompaniment by Radamés at the piano.

 

 

programas_

 

 

 

 

 

Sonata nº 1 for cello and piano
I. Movido (excerpt)
Antonio Del Claro, cello
Glacy Antunes de Oliveira , piano
(Paulus – 11558-4. São Paulo, 1997.

 

  • In the April 14 edition, the newspaper Correio da Manhã publishes the result of the ‘1936 piano suite composition contest’, held by the Associação de Artistas Brasileiros. The composition award is given tied to Radamés Gnattali, for the suíte Valsa, Modinha e Jongo [1] and to Brasílio Itiberê, for the suíte Invocação, Coral e Dança. The jury was composed by the composers Lorenzo Fernandes and Francisco Mignone, the music critic and professor Octavio Bevilacqua, the president of A.A.B. Andrade Muricy and the pianist Noemi Coelho Bittencourt.

 

  • Radamés Gnattali first audition of Concerto n.º 2 para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra, from 1936), at the National Radio in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), piano solo by Arnaldo Estrela, with the Symphonic Radio Orchestra , conducted by Radamés.

 

  • The Tourism Magazine (Revista Turismo) organizes the broadcast Meia Hora de Música Brasileira (Half hour of Brazilian Music), with Maestro Simon Bountman Orchestra and transmitted by the National Radio. With arrangements by Radamés, the famous songs Cidade Maravilhosa, by André Filho, Carinhoso, by Pixinguinha, No Tabuleiro da Baiana,  by Ary Barroso, and the first audition of Fantasia Brasileira [nº 1] para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra) by Radamés himself. This piece has been published by the magazine and sent to all foreign embassies and delegations in Brazil and abroad.

 

  • RCA Victor presents the Radamés’ choros Cabuloso and Recordando, performed by Trio Carioca, with Luiz Americano (clarinet), Radamés Gnattali (piano) and Luciano Perrone (drums).

 

  • Radamés uses for the first time, demanded by the young and famous singer Orlando Silva, a string orchestra for the arrangements of the songs Lábios que beijei and Juramento falso, both by J. Cascata and Leonel Azevedo. Although some purist critics were not pleased,  considering it too American style, Orlando’s sales went to the top, with thousands of records around the country.

 

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Fantasia brasileira [nº 1],  para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra)
    • Lenda nº2, para violino, violoncelo e piano (for violin, cello and piano)
    • Modinha para canto e piano (for voice and piano) inspired by Manoel Bandeira’s poem – dedicated to Christina Maristany.
    • Valsa, modinha e jongo – suíte para piano ((work not found in the composer’s collection) [2] 

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the mandolinist and composer Joel Nascimento, to whom Radamés dedicates, among other pieces of work, the Concerto para bandolim e orquestra de cordas (for mandolin and string orchestra, from 1985).

 

  • Dies in Paris, the composer r Maurice Ravel (Maurice Joseph Ravel), admired by Radamés, who considered him as one of three major compiosers on the 20th century, together with Rachmaninoff and Béla Bartók.

 

  • Dies in Beverly Hills (California, EUA), the composer George Gershwin.

 

 

  • The Radio Theater at the National Radio, that broadcasted only small comedy dialogues starts to present complete pieces.

 

  • The Estado Novo (New State Government) breaks out, with President Getúlio Vargas closing the congress, assuming a dictatorship and promoting a new constitution, so called Polaca, is imposed to the country, with fascist characteristics.

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  • [1] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional –  Correio da Manhã – 04/14/1937  (Result of a suite composition contest held by the Brazilian Artists Association, in 1936)
  • [2] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional – Correio da Manhã –  17/08/1937  (“Recital do pianista Arnaldo Estrella”)   10/09/1938  (“Prêmio de piano  Associação dos Artistas Brasileiros”).