- Born in Petropolis (Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer, violinist, researcher and Professor César Guerra-Peixe.
- Born in Salvador (Capital of Bahia State, BA), the composer Dorival Caymmi .
- Pixinguinha (Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho), 17 years old, Donga (Ernesto dos Santos), among other regulars of Tia Ciata  form the Caxangá Group.
- Dona Nair de Teffé, the President Hermes da Fonseca’s young wife and considered the first caricature artist of Brazilian press (Rian), has presented The Corta-Jaca, by Chiquinha Gonzaga, played her guitar and sung at Catete Palace. The First Lady performance has been considered a noisy scandal in the newspapers, with an outraged article by Rui Barbosa.
- In July 28th, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire declares a war state against the Serbia, starting the First World War.
-  Dorival Caymmi, in 1938, passed on to Radamés the popular song Flor da noite (“sung by a popcorn maker, under the moonlight”). Radamés has loved it so much that he kept the theme and applied it into many different compositions, such as the inspired second movement of his Sinfonia Popular nº 1.
-  Hilária Batista de Almeida, famous Bahian cooker, well known as Tia Ciata, used to organize in her house, at Cidade Nova, in Rio de Janeiro, musical sessions for samba and choro songs. Apparently, the classic samba song Pelo Telefone, with controverted authorship, has come out from those sessions.