1961

 

  • Odeon presents the long-play Radamés na Europa, com seu Sexteto e Edu (Radamés Sextet in Europe with Edu) – volume 2.

 

 

  • Born in Petrópolis (RJ), the cavaquinist and composer Luciana Rabello (Luciana Maria Rabello Pinheiro), to whom Radamés dedicates the work Variações sem tema, for cavaquinho and piano, in 1983. Luciana was part of the first formation of Camerata Carioca [1].

 

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Brasiliana nº 9  for cello and pianotranscription from orchestration to piano.
    • Concerto nº 2  for violin and orchestra – dedicated to Romeu Ghipsman (finished in 1962).
    • Concerto nº 3 (seresteiro)  for piano and orchestra (finished in 1962).
    • Fantasia brasileira nº 5  for piano and orchestra

 

 

 

  • The Centro Popular de Cultura- CPC (Popular Culture Center) and the União Nacional dos Estudantes – UNE (National Students Association) lives an extremely dynamic period, presenting several theater plays, films, records, seminars and public debates.

 

 

  • Jânio Quadros assumes the Presidency of Brazil. Without any political party and isolated, he resigns after seven months, on August 25th.

 

  • Vice-president João Goulart assumes the federal government, supported by a campaign leaded by Leonel Brizola – with limited power though, under a parliament government.

 

  • After Jânio Quadros renouncement, the National Radio goes into an unstable period and very quick decadence. Musicians move to the Ministry of Educação Radio, forming the new Orquestra Sinfônica Nacional (OSN), dedicated to the classic repertoire of Brazilian music.

 

  • John F. Kennedy is ellected President of the United States.

 

____________

[1] Please, for Camerata Carioca see Glossary.

 

1945

  • First world audition of Concerto  for violin and piano and string quartet, from 1933, by Radamés Gnattali having the author as piano soloist and Célio Nogueira, violin solo, performed at the theater hall of Brazilian Press Association in Rio de Janeiro (RJ), during the Third Concert of Brazilian Society of Chamber Music, and conducted by Maestro Léo Peracchi.

 

  • First South-American audition of Concerto nº 2 for piano and orchestra, from 1936, performed in Montevideo by the Brazilian pianist Nise Obino [1] and conducted by Maestro Carlos Estrada.

 

  • The London BBC Symphonic Orchestra performs and registers the Brasiliana nº 1, from 1944, for orchestra, conducted by Clarence Reybould [2].

 

 

Brasiliana [nº 1]
Brasiliana [nº 1]

Brasiliana nº 1 – for grand orchestra
Orquestra Sinfônica Nacional
Alceo Bocchino, conduct
SOARMEC – S-004 (1997)

 

  • On November 24th, Villa-Lobos creates the Brazilian Music Academy [3]. As a founding member, Radamés is elected to occupy the Chair nº 2.

 

  • Continental Records registers the choro song Fumaça do meu cachimbo, by Radamés, perfomred by Francisco Sergi and orchestra.

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Melodias do Brasil – para piano a quatro mãos (in four hands – for beginners)

 

 

  • The poet, journalist, writer, photographer, essayist, folklorist, and musicologist Mário de Andrade dies in São Paulo (SP).

 

  • The maestro and composer Francisco Braga dies in Rio de Janeiro (RJ).

 

 

  • The Hungarian composer Bela Bartók dies in New York; together with Ravel and Rachmaninoff, they were the three Radamés’ favorite composers of the 20th century

 

 

  • The Brazilian government grants amnesty to all political prisoners and Luís Carlos Prestes is set free, after 10 years in prison.

 

  • The Brazilian Army provokes President Getúlio Vargas’ renoucement. He leaves the government seat, exiled in São Borja (RS). A cycle of 15 years of dictatorship in Brazil is ended, although it has been a period of important achievements when working rights are concerned.

 

  • The Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (PTB) (Brazilian Labor Party) is founded, the organizers being faithful to Vargas.

 

  • Brazil goes under general democratic election for the Congress and the Presidency.

 

  • Benito Mussolini is shot by a group of Italian bush-fighters. Adolf Hitler commits suicide in Germany.

 

  • May 8th! The Second World War is over. The United States delivers an atomic bomb over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan just three months after the war was over. Japan surrenders.

 

__________

  • [1] Interview with pianist Nise Obino –  A Noite, 08/25/1945  (Source: Hemeroteca da BN) 
  • [2] The maestro sends the following message to Radamés: “It has been a great pleasure for me, and the B.B.C. Symphony Orchestra, to record this delightful work. I shall look forward to making the acquaintance of more of Mr.Gnattali’s music, and also to playing Brasiliana again.  Clarence Raybould.  Nov 9th, 1945”.
  • [3] Academia Brasileira de Música website: History

1943

  • After the death of maestro Alexandre Gnattali, in 1942, his wife Adélia and their children, Aída, Alexandre and Maria Terezinha, left Porto Alegre and moved, definitively, to Rio de Janeiro

 

  • On January 6, at 9:35 pm, Rádio Nacional starts  one of the most famous broadcasts called Um milhão de Melodias (A Million Melodies), sponsored by Coca-Cola Refrescos S.A. [1], with live orchestra, arranged and conducted by Radamés Gnattali. Created to promote the new soft drink in Brazil the program was a great success, presented by Almirante remaining on the air for 14 years. To fit the diversified repertoire, Radamés enlarges the orchestra formation, completing the woodwind and brass instruments, saxophones, the arch stringed instruments and yet introducing an harp, celesta and timpani. To sustain that amazing rhythmic-harmonic basis, he played himself the piano and he had a heavy percussion and a complete choro ensemble [2].

 

recortes_
Rehearsal of Um Milhião de Melodias.

 

 

documento

 

Opening of Um Milhão de Melodias  (prefix by Radamés Gnattali)

 

  • The pianist Arnaldo Estrela wins the Columbia Concerts and the awards featured a tour around the United States performing with the best American orchestras in Chicago, Washington and Philadelphia.  The repertoire included the Concerto nº 2 for piano and orchestra, from 1936, by Radamés Gnattali. In Philadelphia, the concert was conducted by the famous Maestro Eugene Ormandy, who dedicated a few words to Radamés on top of score sheet: “For Mr. Gnattali, with admiration for this excellent concerto.” 

 

 

 

  • Radamés moves from Victor Records after ten years of good cooperation onto Continental Records, recently founded, and registers his new choro sings Remexendo and Assim é melhor, with a saxophone quartet, formed by Zacarias, Quincas, Coruja and Sandoval.

 

  • At the same year, Victor Records presents the choro song Tristonho and the waltz Entardecer, by Radamés, performed by their orchestra, the Orquestra Típica Victor.

 

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Canadiana, para grande orquestra (for grand orchestra) – on Canadian folk themes, in honor of his friend, the painter Jan Zach.
    • Quarteto nº 2, para 2 violinos, viola e violoncelo (for string quartet) – dedicated to Mina, his first wife’s nickname.

 

  • Born in São Luiz (MA) the guitar player Turíbio Santos (Turíbio Soares Santos) to whom Radamés has dedicated the first of the Estudos para violão (Studies for guitar), from 1967, Brasiliana nº 13 for guitar, from 1983, and Pequena suíte para violão (Small suite for guitar), from 1985.

 

  • The pianist and composer Rachmaninoff (Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff) dies in Beverly Hills ( USA); together with Ravel and Bela Bartók, one of the three Radamés’ favorite composers in the 20th century.

 

 

  •  Première of Vestido de Noiva (The bride’s dress), theater play by Nelson Rodrigues, an outstanding production in the history of Brazilian modern theater history.

 

  • Brazil consolidates its Laboring Laws (CLT) and regulations for working agreements between employer and employee.

 

 

__________

  • [1] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional – A NoiteJanuary 6th 1943  (ver 1937, notas 1 e 2)
  • [2] The rhythmic-harmonic basis of Radamés’ Orchestra at the National Radio was formed by José Menezes, Garoto and Bola Sete, (cavaquinho and two guitars), Pedro Vidal Ramos (contrabass), Luciano Perrone (drums and timpani), João da Baiana  and  Heitor dos Prazeres (pandeiro) and Bide (ganzá).

 

1942

  • Dies in Porto Alegre (Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State),  at 66 yars old, Alexandre Gnattali, Radamés’ father.

 

raizes_
Alexandre Gnattali, piano teacher, bassoonist and conductor.

 

  • Quando fala Radamés Gnattaliby Miguel Curi for the newspaper A Noite (RJ).

 

dez-42
Read the full interview in Press cutouts.

 

  • In April 26th, BBC transmits the radio broadcast A Voz de Londres (the Voice of London), in a recital that presented the famous pianist from Neo-Zealand Esther Fisher, who performs Radamés’ Rapsódia Brasileira (1930).

 

  • On May 26th, at the Music School of Rio de Janeiro, the Suíte para pequena Orquestra (for small orchestra, 1940), by Radamés Gnattali, is performed by Orquestra PROMUSICA, regency by maestro Edoardo de Guarnieri.

 

recortes_
Nenwspaper Diário de NotíciasSociedade Pró-Música.

 

 

recortes_

On Folhetim do Jornal do Comércio (RJ), an article by Andrade Muricy.

 

 

 

 

 

  • In July 4th, maestro Edoardo de Guarnieri conducts the Suíte para pequena Orquestra (for small orchestra, 1940) at the Estudio Auditório S.O.D.R.E, em Montevidéu (Uruguai); the work was very warmly received by the public and critics.

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Concertino para piano, orquestra de cordas e flauta(for piano, string orchestra and flute, dedicated to the pianist Tomás Terán).
    • Sinfonia Miniatura [1] (missing work)

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer and singer Paulinho da Viola (Paulo César Batista Faria), who pays homage to Radamés with a choro song called Sarau para Radamés, in 1978. In retribution, Radamés composes Obrigado Paulinho.

 

 

  • Gustavo Capanema, Ministry of Health and Education, creates the National Conservatory of Orphonic Singing, inspired by Villa-Lobos’ project, featuring the dissemination of music learning all over the public network of school in the Federal District.

 

  • A new currency is created in Brazil – it’s the cruzeiro instead of mil-réis.

 

  • After having torpedoes attacks against Brazilian ships along the northeastern coast, the government declares war against the countries of the axis (Germany, Italy and Japan).

 

  • Coca-Cola intalls their first factory in Brazil, in São Cristóvão neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro.

 

___________

  • [1] This title has not been found within his private files but it has but it has been refered on the Informative Report of National Radio (nº 2) published in November, 1943, as well as in his biography Radamés Gnattali – o eterno experimentador, by Valdinha Barbosa and Anne Marie Devos (Funarte-1984). It is possible that this piece might be Três Miniaturas – valsa, modinha e jongo para orquestra, from 1940, as it may be cited with another name in some sources.

 

1941

  • The broadcast Hora do Brasil (Instantâneos Sonoros) was launched in Argentina, by the Municipal Radio of Buenos Aires, transmitted in net work with the National Radio of Montevidéu (Uruguai). Radamés is invited to organize the radio orchestra and to participate in its lives. In March, he moves with his family to Buenos Aires, remaining thea whole semester. To reinforce the orchestra, Radamés takes some of his friends with him: Aristides Zacarias (saxophone), Marino Pissiali (trumpet), Fernando Herman (violin) and Luciano Perrone (drums) [1].

         

 

recortes_
1941. Sintonia

 

profissional_

 

Reception of local artists when Radamés arrived in Argentina, in March 1941.

 

 

  • In Argentina, the Rosario Symphonic Association and the Argentinian Institute of Integral Culture pay homage to Radamés performing some of his compositions, such as Concerto nº 1 para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra, from 1934).

 

  • At Cristiano Beato Angélico Art School, Argentina, a recital is presented with a sequency of Radamés’ songs, such as Três poemas de Augusto Meyer (1931-1935) performed by the Brazilian soprano Christina Maristany and the author himself at the piano.

 

  • Still in Argentina, the Argentinian Institute of Integral Culture presents a recital featuring Radamés’ concert music, such as Rapsódia Brasileira (1930), the Quarteto n.º 1 (1939). Solo performances by Cuarteto Renascimiento, the Brazilian soprano Christina Maristany, the drums player Luciano Perrone and the author himself at the piano.

 

programas_

 

 

  • Back to Brasil, Radamés is honored with the Roquete Pinto Award, for services rendered and for enlargement of Brazilian radio and music.

 

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Concerto para violoncelo e orquestra de câmara – (for cello and chamber orchestra, dedicated to Iberê Gomes Grosso)
    • Concerto para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano, reduction from the original orchestral grid).
    • Divertimento para quarteto de cordas e piano (for string quartet and piano, composed in Buenos Aires)
    • Morena, morena para canto e piano (for voice and piano)
    • Música para rádio (collection of 8 original pieces, arranged for orchestra, and composed between 1941 and 1959)
    • Ninando, para canto e piano (for voice and piano), com José Tisbierek (inspired by Brazilian popular theme)
    • Poema relativo para canto e piano – (for  voice and piano, inspired by Jorge de Lima’s poem
    • Prelúdios nº 3 para piano – dedicated to the Spanish pianist Tomás Terán
    • Prenda Minha para canto e piano (for voice and piano, polka time, inspired by popular theme harmonized by Radamés)
    • Tayeras (chula) para canto e piano (for voice and piano, popular theme from the North of Brazil, harmonized  by Radamés Gnattali) – dedicated to Gastón Talamón.

 

 

 

  • Born in Porto Alegre (Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS), the pianist Roberto Szidon (José Roberto Szidon) who performs in 1978, the LP Radamés Gnattali – obras para piano / Piano Works, recorded by the Deutsche Grammophon.

 

 

  • President Getúlio Vargas receives in his palace a board of distinguished musicians, having Villa-Lobos ahead, composed by Oscar Lorenzo Fernandes, Brasílio Itiberê, Arnaldo Estrela and Radamés Gnattali, among others. Villa-Lobos, reads the Brazilian Musicians Memorial.

 

profissional_

 

 

  • Atlântida Cinematográfica is created, meaning a great incentive to Brazilian movie industry.

 

  • Walt Disney and his team come to Brazil, aligned with the “Good Neighborhood Policy and Cooperation with American Countries” create by the USA Government since 1933. During that visit, the designers have created the character Zé Carioca, presented in the film Alô Amigos, from 1943 and Você já foi à Bahia? from 1944. Disney chooses the samba song Aquarela do Brasil, by Ary Barroso, as the soundtrack of his film Alô Amigos.

 

  • President Getúlio Vargas creates the National Steel Company (CSN), in Volta Redonda, (Rio de Janeiro State, RJ) [2].

 

 

__________

  • [1] Read more in Press cutouts > 1941. Sintonia. Radamés Gnattali animará las Instantáneas sonoras del Brasil”
  • [2] FGV/CPDOC :  CSN Foundation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940

  • Born, in May 22nd, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), Roberta Gnattali [1], the second child of Radamés and Vera.

 

 

Quarteto no. 1

 

 

  • In April 19th, the Quarteto Borgerth  [2] presents with Columbia Records, the Quarteto nº 1, composed in 1939. That is the first concert piece by Radamés to be recorded.

 

 

profissional_

 

 

  • In July 17th, the first public audition of Radamés’ Quarteto nº 1 (1939), at the National School of Music in Rio de Janeiro, performed by Borgerth Quartet

 

 

recortes_

Gazeta de Notícias (RJ) > Maestro Radamés Gnattali records on “Columbia” discs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarteto nº 1, for 2 violins, viola and cello.
I – Movido (excerpt)
Quarteto Borghert 
Columbia -95075a / 271-1 (1940)

 

 

  • RCA Victor presents Radamés Gnattali new song Gaita, by Augusto Meyer’s poem, performed by the singer Christina Maristany, with grand orchestra and the author’s regency.

 

  • To commemorate its 4th Anniversary, National Radio presents a concert with Radamés Gnattali’s composition work, featuring his Rapsódia Brasileira para piano (for piano, from 1930).

 

  • Radamés composes the soundtrack and arragements for the film Argila, by Humberto Mauro, with music by Villa-Lobos and Heckel Tavares.

 

  • Almirante, José Mauro and Radamés organize at National Radio a new broadcast Instantâneos Sonoros [3], a musical documentary about Brazilian folklore.

 

recortes_
A Noite  (RJ) “Instantâneos sonoros do Brasil”

 

 

  • In Germany, the reputed Spanish pianist José Arriola [4] perform by Radamés Gnattali, his Fantasia Brasileira [nº 1] for piano and orchestra, featuring the Radio Orchestra of Berlin, regency by Georg Wach. 

 

recortes_
Carioca (RJ) > “Radamés, músico do Brasil”, by Leo Laner

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • A casinha pequenina para canto e piano(for singing and piano) – inspired by a popular song, author unknown.
    • Azulão para canto e piano (for singing and piano) – by Manuel Bandeira’s poem.
    • Quarteto popular para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)
    • Suíte para pequena orquestra (for small orchestra)
    • Três miniaturas (valsa, modinha e jongo) para orquestra (for orchestra, trascripted from the original piano solo, from 1936)
    • Trio miniatura para piano, violino e violoncelo (for piano, violin and cello)

 

 

 

  • The maestro and composer José Siqueira founds in Rio de Janeiro, the Brazilian Symphonic Orchestra (Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira – OSB), remaing as its director until 1948.

 

  • Mário Quintana, born in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS), one of the most importante poets of Brazil published his first success Rua dos Cata-ventos.

 

  • The National Radio is encamped by the government, becoming the important radio broadcaster in the country [5].

 

  • Getúlio Vargas institutes the minimum wage.

 

  • Hitler invades France and assaults Paris.

 

 

 __________

[1] In 1966, Roberta Gnattali has graduated in the Medical School, at the Faculdade Nacional de Medicina da Praia Vermelha, Rio de Janeiro. In 1968,  she joined the Iraci Doyle Psychoanalyses Society, concluding her formation as a psychoanalist in 1975. Roberta had two boys, Leonardo and Rodrigo, from her marriage to Pedro Paulo Mello Campos.
[2] The Borgerth Quartet (in the record label  Quarteto Carioca) was formed by Oscar Borgerth (violin), Alda Borgerth (violin), Edmundo Blois (viola) and Iberê Gomes Grosso (cello).
[3] Read more in Press cutouts.
[4] Read more in Press cutouts
[5] “So far, the broadcast company belonged to an enterprise group including the newspaper A Noite, the Rio Editor, the São Paulo – Rio Grande Railway Company and a great piece of land at Paraná and Santa Catarina States. Over a thousand bushels were incorporated by the government on March 8th, 1940, when President Getúlio Vargas proclaimed the decree-law nº 2073, to pay a debt of 3 million sterling pounds assumed by the group and supported by the government”. (SAROLDI, L. C.; MOREIRA, S. V. Rádio Nacional – O Brasil em Sintonia. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 2005).

1939

  • Brazil participates of the Feira Mundial de Nova York (The Golden Gate International Exposition) and sends recordings of distinguished Classic Brazilian composers, such as Carlos Gomes, Alberto Nepomuceno, Alexandre Levy, Henrique Oswald, Lorenzo Fernandes, Francisco Mignone, Camargo Guarnieri, Villa-Lobos and Radamés Gnattali. From Radamés, the selected piece is Fantasia brasileira (1937) specially recorded for the event by the Music Union Orchestra of Rio de Janeiro, conducted by Romeu Ghipsman, with the author at the piano [1].

 

 

Fantasia Brasileira nº1 – for piano and orchestra I – Animado [extract] Orquestra do Sindicato Musical do Rio de Janeiro Romeu Ghipsman, conduct Radamés Gnattali, piano (Non-commercial recording – Private collection of Humberto Franceschi)

 

  • The Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro premieres, on July 28, the musical Joujoux e balangandans, big performance gathering the Mayrink Veiga and Nacional radio orchestras, with arrangements and regency by Radamés Gnattali. This spectacle brings the Premier of Aquarela do Brasil, by Ary Barroso. In the same year, Francisco Alves records at Odeon, with a legendary arrangement by Radamés [2].

 

Joujoux e balangandãs

Joujoux e balangaans

 

  • In October, Jardel Jércolis Company presents the operetta O tesouro do Sultão, by Ariovaldo Pires (known as Capitão Furtado), music and arragements by Radamés, at Teatro João Caetano, in Rio de Janeiro.

 

  • In December, the National Radio presents a private recital in their own studio, the first audition of Quarteto nº1 para 2 violinos, viola e violoncelo [3] (for 2 violins, viola and cello), by Radamés, composed in the very same year. Dedicated to Jorge de Lima, it was performed by Romeu Ghipsman and Célio Nogueira (violins), Edmundo Blois (viola) and Iberê Gomes Grosso (cello).

 

  • Odeon Records presents the choro Alma Brasileira and the batucada Eu hei de ver você chorar (partnership with Ocis), performed by their own orchestra.

 

  • The film Onde estás, felicidade?  was lauched, direction by Mesquitinha and music by Radamés and Luciano Perrone. Among the, the theme song Onde estás, felicidade?

Radamés composes:

    • Cantilena para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)
    • Quarteto nº 1 para 2 violinos, viola e violoncelo (2 violins, viola and cello) – dedicated to his friend Jorge de Lima
    • Valsas para pianosequency of 10 waltzes dedicated to the Spanish pianist José Arriola, published in 1945.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer, professor and maestro Ricardo Tacuchian.

 

  • The group Música Viva [4] comes up in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State,RJ), founded by the professor and composer Hans-Joachim Koellreutter, a German immigrant recently arrived in Brasil, in 1937.

 

  • Dorival Caymmi records his first album, with Carmen Miranda singing the song O que é que a baiana tem.

 

  • Carmen Miranda goes to the United States with her band “Bando da Lua” [5].

 

  • President Getúlio Vargas, the new dictator, has very much appreciated the new samba presented by Ary Barroso, so called the samba-exaltação (exaltation-samba), and he recommends it to the popular composers, suggesting they should abandon the “tricked and lasy” theme of their songs – as he would consider  it.

 

  • The Government creates the Press and Propaganda Department (DIP), with the major perspective was the promotion of governmental actions and censorship of communication and cultur events.

 

  • The USA reinforces the “Good Neighborhood Policy”, started in 1933, lending over 50 million dollars to Brazil.

 

  • Germany invades Poland. This is the beginning of the Second World War.

 

  • From New York (USA), the first public broadcast in television.

 

__________

[1] Sources got from the record labels 78 rpm, and 12”, gently offered by the researcher and writer Humberto Franceschi for this catalog.
[2] The “tan, tan, tan – tan, tan, tan” in this song had become very famous, and Radamés states: “This piece is not mine. It was Ary’s idea. He wanted that to sound with the contrabasses, but I thought there would be no effects, it would damn it. So, I decided to put 5 saxophones instead. The arrangement, in order to put the suggestion in the right place, this was mine!” Statement for MIS-RJ (Image and Sound Museum), in 1985.
[3] Go to Press cutouts > 1940 – Vamos Ler,  for the critic of Luiz Heitor Correa de Azevedo.
[4] Important composers, musicologists and critics have joined the Musica Viva Project, such as Luiz Heitor Corrêa de Azevedo, Brasílio Itiberê, Luiz Cosme, Octávio Bevilcqua, Vasco Mariz, Cláudio Santoro, Eunice Katunda, Edino Krieger and Guerra-Peixe. The composer Camargo Guarnieri was their major opponent.
[5] Carmen Miranda leaves to USA, being the main Brazilian counterpart to the “Good Neighborhood Policy” a social collaboration program among the American countries promoted by the United States’ Government. Carmen was meant to represent not only Brazil, but the whole “South American way”.

1938

  • In August, Radamés performs a concert with his own compositions at National School of Music, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), featuring Sonata para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano, from 1935), Poema para violino e piano (for violin and piano, from 1934), Trio para violino, violoncelo e piano (for violin, cello and piano, from 1933). Performance presenting Iberê Gomes Grosso (cello), Romeu Ghipsman (violin) and Radamés himself at the piano.

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Flor da noite para violino e piano (for violin and piano) – inspired on a popular saying from Bahia, revealed by Dorival Caymmi.
    • Flor da noite para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano – transcription form the original for violin and piano)

 

 

  • Almirante starts the broadcast Curiosidades Musicais (Musical Curiosities) at National Radio, the first one to be transmitted in national network.

 

  • Lampião, Maria Bonita and 9 more slayers of the gang are defeated and beheaded by the police, at Angico farm, in the State of Sergipe.

 

 

  • Created The First National Student Congress, which lead to the foundation of UNE – União Nacional dos Estudantes (National Student Unity).

 

  • Adolf Hitler assumes absolute dictator power in Germany. Austria is attached to the III Reich.

1937

  • Radamés Gnattali first audition of Sonata nº1 para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano, from 1935), at the National School of Music, in Rio de Janeiro, performed by the cello player Iberê Gomes Grosso (to whom the piece is dedicated), accompaniment by Radamés at the piano.

 

 

programas_

 

 

 

 

 

Sonata nº 1 for cello and piano
I. Movido (excerpt)
Antonio Del Claro, cello
Glacy Antunes de Oliveira , piano
(Paulus – 11558-4. São Paulo, 1997.

 

  • In the April 14 edition, the newspaper Correio da Manhã publishes the result of the ‘1936 piano suite composition contest’, held by the Associação de Artistas Brasileiros. The composition award is given tied to Radamés Gnattali, for the suíte Valsa, Modinha e Jongo [1] and to Brasílio Itiberê, for the suíte Invocação, Coral e Dança. The jury was composed by the composers Lorenzo Fernandes and Francisco Mignone, the music critic and professor Octavio Bevilacqua, the president of A.A.B. Andrade Muricy and the pianist Noemi Coelho Bittencourt.

 

  • Radamés Gnattali first audition of Concerto n.º 2 para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra, from 1936), at the National Radio in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), piano solo by Arnaldo Estrela, with the Symphonic Radio Orchestra , conducted by Radamés.

 

  • The Tourism Magazine (Revista Turismo) organizes the broadcast Meia Hora de Música Brasileira (Half hour of Brazilian Music), with Maestro Simon Bountman Orchestra and transmitted by the National Radio. With arrangements by Radamés, the famous songs Cidade Maravilhosa, by André Filho, Carinhoso, by Pixinguinha, No Tabuleiro da Baiana,  by Ary Barroso, and the first audition of Fantasia Brasileira [nº 1] para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra) by Radamés himself. This piece has been published by the magazine and sent to all foreign embassies and delegations in Brazil and abroad.

 

  • RCA Victor presents the Radamés’ choros Cabuloso and Recordando, performed by Trio Carioca, with Luiz Americano (clarinet), Radamés Gnattali (piano) and Luciano Perrone (drums).

 

  • Radamés uses for the first time, demanded by the young and famous singer Orlando Silva, a string orchestra for the arrangements of the songs Lábios que beijei and Juramento falso, both by J. Cascata and Leonel Azevedo. Although some purist critics were not pleased,  considering it too American style, Orlando’s sales went to the top, with thousands of records around the country.

 

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Fantasia brasileira [nº 1],  para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra)
    • Lenda nº2, para violino, violoncelo e piano (for violin, cello and piano)
    • Modinha para canto e piano (for voice and piano) inspired by Manoel Bandeira’s poem – dedicated to Christina Maristany.
    • Valsa, modinha e jongo – suíte para piano ((work not found in the composer’s collection) [2] 

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the mandolinist and composer Joel Nascimento, to whom Radamés dedicates, among other pieces of work, the Concerto para bandolim e orquestra de cordas (for mandolin and string orchestra, from 1985).

 

  • Dies in Paris, the composer r Maurice Ravel (Maurice Joseph Ravel), admired by Radamés, who considered him as one of three major compiosers on the 20th century, together with Rachmaninoff and Béla Bartók.

 

  • Dies in Beverly Hills (California, EUA), the composer George Gershwin.

 

 

  • The Radio Theater at the National Radio, that broadcasted only small comedy dialogues starts to present complete pieces.

 

  • The Estado Novo (New State Government) breaks out, with President Getúlio Vargas closing the congress, assuming a dictatorship and promoting a new constitution, so called Polaca, is imposed to the country, with fascist characteristics.

__________

  • [1] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional –  Correio da Manhã – 04/14/1937  (Result of a suite composition contest held by the Brazilian Artists Association, in 1936)
  • [2] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional – Correio da Manhã –  17/08/1937  (“Recital do pianista Arnaldo Estrella”)   10/09/1938  (“Prêmio de piano  Associação dos Artistas Brasileiros”).

1936

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), on July 18th, Alexandre Gnattali [1], Radamés and Vera firstborn son.

 

Juventude_
Alexandre with his paternal grandparents, Alexandre and Adélia, and Bulungo, aunt Aída’s parrot. Porto Alegre, 1937.

 

  • Radamés is 30 years old.

 

  • On September 12th, the PRE-8, Sociedade Rádio Nacional do Rio de Janeiro is innaugureted and hires Radamés as the orchestra pianist, and very shortly as the arranger and maestro.

 

 

profissional_

  • Radamés at the piano having in front of him the Rádio Nacional microphone, an icon of the Golden Era of the radio broadcasts in Brazil.

 

 

 

profissional_

The All Star Orchestra, one of the orchestras at the National Radio in 1936, included 2 trumpets, trombone, 2 alto saxophones (or 2 clarinets), tenor saxophone, piano, contrabass and drums. Radamés at the piano, Luciano Perrone in the back, at the drums. The percussion set was considerably strong, with timpani, vibraphone, gong, drums. Conducting, Maestro Simon Bountman.

 

 

  • Radamés signs the arrangements and musical direction of the musical magazine Parada das Maravilhas [2], with 2 acts and 40 sets, presented on october 10th and 18th at the Theatro Municipal do Rio de Janeiro.  Red more: Music & arts > theatre / dance.

 

 

  • RCA Victor presents of Radamés the choro Amoroso, the waltzes Duas da Manhã, Primavera de amor, Zeli and Relembrando o passado, all performed by Typical Victor Orchestra.

 

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Concerto nº 2 para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra)
    • Lenda e Choro para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)
    • Rapsódia para dois pianos e jazz [3] (for 2 pianos and jazz)
    • Valsa, modinha e jongo – suíte para piano (suite for piano) – missing work, mentioned in the press at the time [4].

 

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the pianist and composer Luizinho Eça (Luiz Mainzi da Cunha Eça), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1960, his Concerto Carioca nº 2 para trio de piano, contrabaixo e bateria, com grande orquestra (for piano, contrabass, drums and grand orchestra) .

 

 

  • Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa design the Ministry of Education and Health, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), inspired by Le Corbusier, a Swiss architect whose straight lines represented a new functional style.

 

  • The downtown airport, Aeroporto Santos Dumont, is inaugurated in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ).

 

 

 

  • Germany presents to the world the first recording sound on magnetic tape.

 

__________

  • [1] Alexandre Gnattali graduated in Dentistry, in 1963. In 1969, however, he has gone to India to study at a Kayvalya Dahma, Lonavla Village, Maharastra State, where he graduated as a Yoga professor. Back home, he joined the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and graduated in Physical Education, in 1976.
  • [2] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional –  Jornal do Brasil – october 10th  and  october 18th
  • [3] Rapsódia para 2 pianos e jazz (Rhapsody for two pianos and jazz orchestra) seems to be the first version of Fantaisa Brasileira [nº 1] for piano and orchestra (Brazilian Fantasy nº 1), from 1937.
  • [4] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional – Correio da Manhã –  april 14th 1937

1935

  • On June 21st, Radamés performs his Concerto [nº 1], para piano e orquestra (for piano and orchestra, from 1934), the first world audition, at Municipal Theater, with the Municipal Orchestra, conducted by maestro Henrique Spedini.

 

 

programas_

 

 

 

recortes_

Festa – Revista de arte e pensamento – 2nd phase – year I – August 1935 – nº 9 (RJ) ‘Radamés Gnattali – concert for piano and orchestra’, by Brasílio Itiberê.

 

 

 

  • RCA Victor presents the choros Saudoso and Tristonho, o choro-batuque Dengoso, the polka-choro Estilo da Vila [1], the waltzes Berenice e Entardecer and the arrangement of a popular theme from Rio Grande do Sul State, Prenda minha, interpreted by Almirante and Paulo Tapajós.

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Alma Brasileira (choro), para piano e orquestra de cordas (transcription from the original piano solo)
    • Gaita, para piano e canto (third song from the series Três poemas de Augusto Meyer, writen in 1931, for voice and piano)
    • Sonata nº 1 para violoncelo e piano – dedicated to Iberê Gomes Grosso (for cello and piano)

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro, (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ) on March 28th, the poet, writer, composer, writer, composer and producer Hermínio Bello de Carvalho, responsible for major Brazilian artistic productions, such as shows, concerts, musical spectacles, phonographic recordings. As the Director of Popular Music Division at FUNARTE (Governmental Foundation of Arts), during the decades of 1970/80, Hermínio has created a important research core on Brazilian popular music, with supported the promotion of many cultural-artistic projects, that resulted concrete products, such as book editions, records, score publishing and musical spectacles.

 

  • Dies, in São Paulo (SP), Zequinha de Abreu (José Gomes de Abreu), composer of the famous choroTico-tico no fubá’.

 

  • Dies in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ) the pianist and composer Chiquinha Gonzaga (Francisca Edwiges Neves Gonzaga), to whom Radamés dedicated the 4º moviment of his work Retratos, for mandolin, with regional of choro ensemble and string orchestra, from1956.

 

 

  • Military rebellions break out in Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco and Rio de Janeiro States. This political movement is known as Intentona Comunista.

 

  • Two more radio stations are inaugurated in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ): Tupi and Ipanema.

 

______________

  • [1]  This polka-choro was recorded with the original title Estilo da Vila (Victor-33978b). In the instrumental parts of Sociedade Rádio Nacional (file number C-177) there is the title Estilo da Vida (Life style), but there is no score for the orchestration. The available parts are: piano (conductor’s guide), flute, clarinet, 2 violins (written on a staff) and bass.

1934

  • The great worldwide recognized singer Bidu Sayão invites Radamés to join her as pianist on a tour to the South of Brazil. In Porto Alegre, with a generous incentive gesture to the young composer, Bidu includes in the program, his Trio nº 1, para piano, violino e violoncelo (for piano, violin and cello). Executed during the third recital, on October 25th, at Teatro São Pedro, was interpreted Radamés (piano), Carlos Baroni (violin) and Nelson Cintra (cello).

 

Trio nº 1, para piano, violino e violoncelo (1933)
Trio nº 1, for piano, violino and cello (1933)

 

 

(no reference) – 10.26.1934 > Criticism: “Bidú Sayão’s farewell concert – A brilliant and vigorous musical work by Radamés Gnattali”. Porto Alegre (RS)

 

 

 

 

 

  • Radamés participates as accompanying pianist at the last farewell concert of the singer Bidú Sayão, performed at the Theatro Municipal do Rio de Janeiro, on December 02nd,  [1].

 

  • The Odeon Recording Company presents the choro Serenata no Joá and the waltz Vilma, by Radamés, with clarinet solos by Luiz Americano.

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Canção e Dança, para contrabaixo e piano (for contrabass and piano)
    • Canto, sobre um tema de aboio, para fagote e piano (for bassoon and piano) “ao meu pai” (to my father). 
    • Concerto nº 1 para piano e orquestra  (for piano and orchestra)
    • Poema nº 1 para violino e orquestra de câmara – dedicado a Célio Nogueira – (for violin and chamber orchestra)
    • Poema nº1 para violino e piano – (reduction of the orchestra part for piano) – dedicated to Célio Nogueira.

 

 

 

  • Dies in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the great composer and pianist Ernesto Nazareth, who Radamés considered as one of his major references since his early youth.

 

 

  • Three more big stations show up in Rio de Janeiro: Rádio Difusora, from the City Office, (later called Roquete Pinto), Rádio Cruzeiro do Sul and Rádio Transmissora.

 

  • The government station inaugurates the Hora do Brasil, radio broadcast reaching all over the country, that is later know as A voz do Brasil (the Voice of Brazil).

 

  • The Second Republican Constitution is promulgated featuring the workers’ rights and regulating the women’s vote. The new laws create the Working Justice.

 

  • Adolf Hitler assumes as the Head of State in Germany.

 

____________

[1] Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional – Correio da Manhã, 12/04/1934

1933

movie ganga bruta

  • Radamés makes his film debut as a composer and musical director in the film Ganga Bruta, by Humberto Mauro. Columbia Recording Company presents the waltz Teus olhos, água parada, by Radamés Gnattali, one of the songs of the film, interpreted by the singer Moacir Bueno Rocha. Read more in Music & arts> movies.

 

  • RCA Victor presents the waltzes Vibrações d’alma and Saudosa, as well as the polka-choro Conversa fiada.

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Concerto para violino e piano, com acompanhamento de quarteto de cordas (concert for violin and piano, accompaniment for string quartet)
    • Rapsódia Brasileira para dois pianos (adapted from the original version for piano solo) – dedicated to Brutus Pedreira and Ayres de Andrade (for 2 pianos)
    • Trio nº 1 para violino, violoncelo e piano (for violin, cello and piano)
    • Valsa para dois pianos (Waltz for 2 pianos) – dedicated to Cândido Portinari
    • Valsas Brasileiras nº 1 para piano – (Brazilian waltzes nº 1, for piano) – dedicated to his sister Aída.

 

 

  • The Mayor of Rio de Janeiro backs up the Samba Schools Parade supported by the newspaper O Globo. Wind instruments are forbidden and the Bahianas aile becomes formally compulsory.

 

  • The Good Neighborhood Policy is inaugurated in the USA [1].

 

 

__________

[1] For further information please click FGV CPDOC

 

 

1932

  • Radamés gets married to Vera Maria Bieri,  also a pianist, born in   São Leopoldo (Rio Grande do Sul State, RS), his wife for 33 years, that gave him to children, Alexandre and Roberta.

 

Juventude_
Radamés and Vera

 

  • Radamés performs at the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro, conducted by Maestro Francisco Braga, the Concert in B-flat for piano and orchestra, by Tchaikovsky.[1]

 

recortes_
Correio da manhã (RJ) – 10.06.1932 » Primeiro concerto de Assignatura da Symphonica.

 

  • Radamés viewed no possibility to make a living in Rio de Janeiro as a classical composer or pianist, so he starts acting in the popular music market, playing piano or viola with live movies and ball orchestras.

 

profissional_Popular music has always been part of his life, since Porto Alegre, where he participated in choro and samba groups and the “Ideal Jazz Band”.
On the photograph, Radamés at the right, plays cavaquinho.

 

 

 

  • The pianist Dora Bevilacqua performs the Rapsodia Brasileira (1930), by Radamés, at the Music National Institute.

 

  • On October 21st, Companhia Theatro Typico Brasileiro (Typical Brazilian Theater), at Theatro João Caetano, in Rio de Janeiro, Premier of the musical Marquesa de Santos, by Luís Peixoto ans Baptista Júnior, music and conduction by Radamés Gnattali.

 

programas_

 

 

  • On November 18th, at Theatro João Caetano, replacing the musical Marquesa de Santos, the Companhia de Teatro Typico Brasileiro performs another musical play Sertão, with 2 sessions and 6 sets, by Jayme Ovalle and Radamés Gnattali, composing the music and conducting.

 

  • Still in November, in its 19th concert, the Brazilian Artists’ Association promotes an audition fully featuring composition  work by Radamés and Luiz Cosme; among the interpreters, besides the authors themselves, the violinist Oscar Borgerth and the cello player Iberê Gomes Grosso.

 

  • Radamés receives a professional proposal from the Recording Company Victor Talking Machine Co. of Brazil as the pianist of their orchestras: Típica Victor, Diabos do Céu and Guarda Velha, directed by maestro Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho (Pixinguinha).

 

 

  • Born in São José do Rio Preto (São Paulo State SP), the clarinet and saxophone player, composer and arranger Paulo Moura (Paulo Gonçalves de Moura) to whom Radamés dedicates his Valsa triste, in 1959, accompaniment provided by electric guitar, contrabass and drums, among a series of pieces for alto saxophone and piano.

 

  • Radamés composes: 
    • Acalanto para orquestra de câmara (for chamber orchestra)
    • Nêgo véio tá sonhando (batuque) para violoncelo e piano (for cello and piano) – dedicado a Iberê Gomes Grosso
    • Serestas nº 2 para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)

 

 

  • Premier of the first competitive Samba School Parade at Praça Onze, in Rio de Janeiro, where the winner is Estação Primeira de Mangueira.

 

  • Villa-Lobos assumes as director of SEMA – Superintendência de Educação Musical e Artística (Superintendence of Musical and Artistic Education), governmental agency of the new federal government. He keeps this position until 1945.

 

  • A civil war between São Paulo and the government allies breaks out, known as the Constitutionalist Revolution, where the oppositionists are defeated.

__________

  • [1] Valdinha Barbosa, researcher and Radamés’ biographer, states in her book – Radamés Gnattali – the eternal experimenter, this is the last concert Radamés performs interpretations of other composers. From then on, he will only perform his own composition work.

1931

  • Radamés’ Premier concert of his Rapsódia Brasileira para piano (Brazilian rhapsody for piano), composed a year before, considered to be one of his best valuable pieces.

 

recortes_
Diário de Notícias (RJ) 03.29.1931 

 

 

  • Beethoven Room, a concert hall in Porto Alegre (Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS) promotes de event Noite Brasileira (Brazilian Night), presenting Radamés Gnattali and Luiz Cosme composition works.

 

  • Guilherme Fontainha, his ex-professor at the local conservatory, suggests that Radamés should move to Rio de Janeiro viewing the preparation for a public concourse for Full Professor at the National Institute of Music, in the next few months[1].

 

  • Radamés participates of the Quarto Concerto Oficial (Fourth Official Concert), in 1931, at the Music National Institut, together with Luciano Gallet, Villa-Lobos, Lorenzo Fernandes, Luiz Cosme and Camargo Guarnieri.

 

 

programas_
4th Concert of the Official Series of 1931 – National Music Institute. (12/17/1931)

 

recortes_
Correio da Manhã (RJ) (Correio Musical) (12.12.1931)

 

 

  • Born in Orobó (Pernambuco State,PE), the composer, instrumentist and maestro Nelson de Macedo, to whom Radamés dedicates his Divertimento a três para violino, viola e violoncelo (for 3 violins, viola and cello), in 1983.

 

  • Born in Juazeiro (State od Bahia,BA), the singer and composer João Gilberto (João Gilberto do Prado Pereira de Oliveira, 1931-2019). From his recording of the samba Chega de Saudade, by Tom Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes, in 1959, historians and researchers of Brazilian popular music consider him the founder of a new type of samba that became known, throughout the 1960s, as bossa nova.

 

 

  • Radamés composes:

 

    • Para meu rancho,para canto e piano – lyrics by Vargas Netto (work mentioned on press)
    • Pequena Suíte, para 2 violinos, viola, violoncelo e piano (Small suite for 2 violins, viola, cello and piano)
    • Ponteio, Roda e Baile, para piano – dedicated to Vera, his fiancee.
    • Três poemas de Augusto Meyer, para canto e piano -I.Violão; II. Oração da Estrela Boieira; III. Gaita (the latter finalized in 1935). Works dedicated to the baritone Adacto Filho.

 

 

 

 

 

III. Baile –
Radamés Gnattali, por Olinda Alessandrini
FUNPROARTE – w/no (POA, no date)

 

  • Villa-Lobos calls for distinguished representatives of social classes in São Paulo and he organizes a Orpheonic Concentration that he named as Exortação Cívica (Civic exhortation), gathering over 12 thousands voices.

 

  • The samba song Se você jurar (If you swear), by Ismael Silva, Nilton Bastos and Francisco Alves, recorded by Francisco Alves and Mário Reis, suggests a new samba beat, less inspired in the maxixe, which will turn to be the classic samba style from Rio de Janeiro until now a days.

 

  • The famous statue of Christ The Redeemer is inaugurated on top of Corcovado Mountain, on October 12th, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ).

 

__________

  • [1] The President Getúlio Vargas decides not top pup a new concourse for the musical institute. Instead, he makes a formal indication for the position.
  • [2] About bossa nova said Radames: “Bossa nova beat has taken away that typical samba accent in the second time, but it has something special, something else, something that came to stay, and it is there. No one can deny. Instead of one samba we now have two”.

1929

  • On June 1st, Radamés participates in the special Fifth Anniversary of Radio Club do Brasil, performing with the radio orchestra, the B flat minor Concert Nº 1 for piano and orchestra, by P. Tchaikosvsky, regency by maestro Arnold Gluckmann [1].

 

  • On October 24th, in a concert organized by his professor Guiilherme Fontainha, Radamés repeats the program performed at Rádio Club, this time at the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro and accompaniment by grand orchestra, regency by maestro Gluckmann. The event had an immense repercussion among the public and the specialists in the press. Below, a summary of some newspapers from Rio de Janeiro. [2]

 

 

Promotional material for Radamés’ debut recital as a composer at Theatro São Pedro (Porto Alegre – RS), scheduled for September 17, 1930.

 

 

 

 

 

  • In April 28th the Estação Primeira de Mangueira is the second Samba School in Rio de Janeiro, founded by a group called Bloco dos Arengueiros. Among the distinguished group of founders, Angenor de Oliveira (1908-1980), the famous composer whose nick-name was Cartola.

 

  • The Recording Companies Victor and Brunswick start their activities in Brazil.

 

  • Broadway melody, the first sound synchronized-feature film is presented in Rio de Janeiro.

 

  • In September, the BBC, in London, breaks out with the first experimental television experiment.

 

  • West world is shaken up for the severe economic crisis, the stock market crash in New York, resonating in Brazil with the crash of Brazilian coffee plantation, commerce and exportation.

 

__________

1928

  • Born in Natal, (Capital of Rio Grande do Norte State, RN), the composer and maestro Mário Tavares, to whom Radamés had great esteem and admiration.

 

  • Born in Santa Cruz do Sul (Rio Grande do Sul State, RS), Chiquinho do Acordeom Romeu Seibel (Chiquinho do Acordeom) [1], to whom Radamés dedicates the Concerto para acordeom e orquestra de cordas (Concert for accordion and string orchestra), in 1977.

 

 

Radamés conposes:

    • Reminiscênciapara violino, flauta, fagote e piano (for violin, flauta, bassoon and piano)
    • Reminiscênciapara quarteto de cordas com piano  (for string quartet and piano) – Transcription. 
    • Violinopara violino e piano(for violin and piano) –dedicated to the violinist and friend Sílvio Grandi. This is a transcription of the Romance (sem palavras), from 1927. In 1930, Radamés records it at Odeon, solo by the violinist Romeu Ghipsman, entitled as Canto de violino.

 

 

  • Created the first Samba School in Rio de Janeiro:  Deixa Falar [2], at the Estácio neighbourhood.

 

  • Starts to circulate in São Paulo, the Magazine of Anthropophagy, where Oswald de Andrade publishes his Manifesto Antropófago.

 

__________

  • [1] Aproved by maestro Radamés, Chiquinho joins the National Radio Orchestra in 1953 and the Radamés Gnattali Sextect, in 1954.
  • [2] The samba school Deixa Falar was founded by a group of new composers and samba stars from Rio de Janeiro, featuring Ismael Silva, Bide (Alcebíades Barcelos), Mano Rubem (Rubem Barcelos Bide’s brother), Mano Edgar (Edgar Marcelino dos Passos), Baiaco (Osvaldo Vasques), Brancura (Silvio Fernandes), Nilton Bastos, among others.

 

 

 

1927

  • Radamés identity sheet, enlisted at the War Shot in Porto Alegre (RS), on January 6th.

.

 

certificado de reservista

 

 

 

Radamés finally receives his Golden Medal (Araújo Vianna Award), rewarded three years before at the final exam at the Conservatory. Aída Gnattali states: “Radamés was the only student that had obtained the maximum grade: 60 points. So far and after his prize, Nise Obino was the only one to make it so brilliantly”.

 

 

  • Odeon Records comes out with the first supplement of Brazilian Records electrically registered. At 21 years old, Radamés participates as an accompanist pianist for Anselmo Slatopolsky (violin) in many recordings.

 

 

disco78rpm-003

 

SUVENIER – Franz Drdla
Violin solo – Anselmo Zlatopolsky
Piano: Radamés Gnattali
Odeon, 10041-b (1927)

 

 

 

 

 

  • Born in January 25th, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composed, pianist, arranger and lyric writer Tom Jobim (Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1975, the gallop Meu amigo Tom Jobim (My friend Tom Jobim) [1]. In retribution Tom dedicates to Radamés the choro Meu amigo Radamés. 

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Romance (sem palavras)  (Romance without words) for piano solodedicated to Vera, his fiancee.

 

partitura

 

 

 

  • In the United States, the world première of the first spoken movie, a feature film, produced by Warner Brothers, The Jazz Singer, by Alan Crosland, starring Al Jolson.

 

__________

  • [1]  In 1971, Radamés composes Musiquinha para bis (Little song for bis) inspired by the theme “Domingo azul no mar” (Blue Sunday by the sea), by Tom Jobim ans Newton Mendonça, and dedicates it to Guanabara Quartet. In 1975, Radamés composes this piece, with the definite title Meu amigo Tom Jobim and he records it at Odeon, with his sextet and string orchestra.  Visit the website Antonio Carlos Jobim –  http://www.jobim.org/

1926

  • Radamés is 20 years old.

 

profissional_

 

 

  • Born in April 10th, in Porto Alegre (Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS) Maria Terezinha, the youngest sister of five Gnattali brothers, to whom Radamés dedicates his Tocata for piano solo in 1944.

 

raizes_

Maria Teresinha Gnattali
(1926-1946)

 

  • Back to Porto Alegre, after the great success of his recitals in São Paulo and in Rio de Janeiro, Radamés integrates the Henrique Oswald Quartet, as a viola player, with the Brothers Sotero e Luiz Cosme (violins) and Carlos Kromer (cello).

 

programas_

Quarteto Henrique Oswald
Theatro São Pedro (Porto Alegre, RS)

 

 

 

  • Radamés composes:
    • Batuque, para piano [1] – dedicated to his friend Omar Fonseca.

 

 

Batuque   
Olinda Alessandrini, piano
FUNPROARTE – s/nº (POA, s/d)

 

 

 

  • Mayrink Veiga Radio is founded in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ) where Radamés intensely works both as a pianist of concert and popular music.

 

  • Born in Manhaçu (Minas Gerais State, MG), the singer Zezé Gonzaga (Maria José Gonzaga, 1926-2008). Radamés referred to her as the best tuned voice in Brazil.

 

 

  • Washington Luís becomes the President of Brazil up to October 24th, 1930. He was the last president of the so called the Old Republic.

 

__________

  • [1]  Dated May 4th, 1926, Batuque is Radamés’ oldest concert piece in his private collection.

 

1925

  • On October 3, Radamés participates in the 20th Sarau da Sociedade Quartetto Paulista, at the Conservatório Dramático e Musical de São Paulo. The repertoire featuring the same program he had presented at the Instituto Nacional de Música in Rio de Janeiro, a year before. Professor Fontainha, who accompanies Radamés, sends an effusive telegram to Porto Alegre.

 

“Great triumph concert yesterday”

 

 

 

programas_
     

 

 

  • recortes_Jornal do Commercio (SP) – Critic for the concert performed at the Sociedade Quartetto Paulista, by Ernani Braga and Antônio de Sá Pereira.
    “Radamés is not only a brilliant promise, but an astonishing reality” (E.B.).

 

 

 

 

  • Recently founded in July 25th, the newspaper O Globo presents his second edition on October 29th the following note:

“Because of disease, the pianist from Rio Grande do Sul, Radamés Gnattali, cancels his recital announced for the 31st of this current month, at the National Music Institute”.

 

 

 

  • RCA Victor comes out with the first commercial records in the United States registered by electrical system and electrical microphone.

 

1924

  • Enthusiastic about his bright talent, professor Guilherme Fontainha has indicated his student Radamés for a concert at the National Music Institute, in Rio de Janeiro, on July 31st  [1]. The concert is a great success and the critics were full of compliments. Radamés is considered the great promise of Brazilian piano [2]. Fontainha, in a telegram to distant Porto Alegre, sums up, in just two words, the overwhelming success of Radamés in Rio de Janeiro: “Radamés Trimphant”.

 

 

Oscar Guanabarino
Jornal do Commercio (RJ)

 

 

  • After the great success in Rio de Janeiro, Radamés concludes the piano course at the Porto Alegre Music Conservatory, graduated in December 19th. The same year, Radamés competes and achieves the Araújo Vianna Award, receiving the top evaluation and a Golden Medal.

 

 

 

 

 

Contest program

 

 

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer and flute player Altamiro Carrilho (Altamiro de Aquino Carrilho), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1966, his Serestas nº 2 para flauta e orquestra de cordas (for flute and string orchestra), and in 1972, his Divertimento para flauta em Sol e orquestra de cordas (for G flute and string orchestra).

 

 

 

  • Breaks out in São Paulo (Capital of São Paulo State, SP), another military against the Federal Government. The Prestes Column [3], leaded by Captain Luís Carlos Prestes marches throughout the country during three years, walking over 30 thousand km.

 

__________

  • [1] On the program, the piano transcript of the Concerto for Organ, by Wilhelm Friedemann Bach / Stradal; Sonata in B minor and Rhapsody no. 9 (Carnival in Pest), both by Franz Liszt.
  • [2] Read review of Arthur Imbassahy in the Jornal do Brazil (RJ), of 08.02.1924. (Source: Hemeroteca da Biblioteca Nacional)
  • [3] For further information please consult the CPDOC from Getúlio Vargas  Foundation: CPDOC da Fundação Getúlio Vargas 

1923

  • In July, Radamés performed at the Conservatório Musical de Porto Alegre, as part of a student recital at that institute, playing H. Oswald’s “Polonaise” opus 34. In this same recital, the young pianist Aída Gnattali, a student of professor Julieta Leão, performs Giga, by Araujo Vianna [1].

 

  • Radamés graduates at his piano studies after 8 years at the Conservatory of Porto Alegre with maximum grade and honorable mention.

 

 

 

 

  • Born in Recife (Capital of Pernambuco State, PE) the composer and singer Luiz Bandeira[2] that, in 1959, records at Continental Records, a rare LP Festa de Ritmos – Luiz Bandeira e suas músicas (Rythm Party – Luiz Bandeira and his songs), with masterful orchestral arrangements by Radamés.

 

__________

[1] Source: O Jornal (RJ) of 08/02/1923.
[2] Luiz Bandeira (1923-1998), was one of the most important composers from Pernambuco State, in the northeast region. He composed the famous song Na cadência do Samba (Que bonito é…) (Following the samba rythm), that has been largely celebrated in the movies, from 1959 to 1986, as the music background  of the soccer supplement Canal 100, by Carlos Niemeyer. Bandeira has also participated as a special guest singer joining Radamés Gnattali Sextet touring in Europe, in 1960.

1922

  • Making 10 thousand réis [1], Radamés, at 16 years old, plays in a band at Cinema Colombo with his friends Luís Cosme and Sotero Cosme (violins), Júlio Grau (flute); with two more musicians  they formed a small orchestra with two violins, flute, cello, contrabass and piano, playing pot-pourris of French and Italian songs, operetas, waltzes and polkas during silent movie- sessions. By this time, Radamés also performs as a pianist (and possibly as the arranger), with the Ideal Jazz Band, from Confeitaria Colombo (not to be confused with the Colombo Cine mentioned above). The band was composed by flute, violin, cello, trumpet, trombone, piano and contrabass.

 

 

 

Radamés composes:

    • Malandro (samba), for piano [2].

 

 

 

 

  • Defeated, on July 6th, in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State) and capital of Brazil at the time, the lieutenant rebellion, known as Os 18 do Forte (the 18th brave soldiers from the military fort)a democratic protest started in Copacabana Fort featuring the overthrown of the Old Republic.

__________

  • [1] Brazilian currency at the time.
  • [2] Althoug dates are not precise, Malandro seems to be the most popular song composed and edited by Radamés, found in hid private collection. On the score cover, photos and signatures of the band.

 

1921

  • Born in Jardim (Ceará State, CE), the multi-instrumentist of plucked strings, composer and arranger José Menezes[1] (José Menezes França), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1957, his Concertino nº 3 para violão e orquestra, com flauta, bateria, bells e orquestra de cordas[2] (for guitar and orchestra, with flute, drums, bells and string orchestra).

__________

  • [1]  Prodigious young man, José Menezes (1921-2014), born in Ceará State, dominated all the finger string instruments: guitar, tenor-guitar, cavaquinho, mandolim, banjo, viola, electric guitar. He came to Rio de Janeiro in 1943, joining the Mayrink Veiga Radio at first but soon he moved to National Radio Orchestra as violin player. He has integrated the in Continental Quartet and the Radamés Gnattali Sextet (Quintet), since the very beginning in the fifties, until their last decade, around 1985.
  • [2] This piece has been known by the subtitle “Concerto de Copacabana” although Radamés had no simpathy nor had given his approval.

 

1920

  • Radamés, at 14 years old only, entered the Music Conservatory, part of the Fine Arts Institute in Porto Alegre. He was admitted directly into the fifth year of piano, in Professor Guilherme Halfeld Fontainha class.

1919

  • The ensemble Oito Batutas, breaks out in Rio, leaded by Pixinguinha[1] (Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho, 1897-1973), and ordered by the manager of Cine Palais.

__________

1918

Born in Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul State, RS) on February 04th, the maestro, composer and arranger Alexandre Gnattali Filho[1], Radamés’ brother.

 

Juventude_
1925, Aída, Radamés, Ernani and their younger brother Alexandre.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), mandolin player and composer Jacob do Bandolim[1] (Jacob Pick Bittencourt, *1969), to whom Radamés dedicates his work Retratos, para bandolim, conjunto regional de choro e orquestra de cordas (Portraits, composition for mandolin, regional choro ensemble and string orchestra), in 1956.

 

  • Born in Curitiba (Capital of Paraná State,PR), the maestro, pianist , composer and arranger Alceu Bocchino (Alceo Ariosto Bocchino, *2013), Radamés’ great friend and companion for many years in the daily toil work of writing concerts, recording studio, radio and television broadcasts.

 

 

  • It is the end of the First World War. Germany and the Allies sign the armistice.

 

 

__________

  • [1] Alexandre Gnattali Filho (1918-1990) has studied piano with his father and his sister Aída, and harmony with maestro Roberto Eggers, in Porto Alegre. In 1943 he has moved to Rio de Janeiro and he has continued his harmony studies, counterpoint and composition with Newton Pádua. He entered the National Radio as a copyist, but he has turned into an arranger and maestro very quickly. He stayed there until mid sixties, when the National Radio collapsed.   Excelsior TV requires his work and CBS Records, developing his musical work as an arranger and maestro, until he retires. Alexandre had an intensive work as a composer, arranger and orchestra director for many phonographic productions, such as movie-tracks, theater, radio and television. He has directed the Brazilian montage of the American musical play, My fair lady, in 1961, with Bibi Ferreira and Paulo Autran. He has also signed the musical direction of many movie productions, such as O Petróleo é nosso (1954), Carnaval em Marte (1954), Treze Cadeiras (1957), Rio Zona Norte (1958) de Nelson Pereira dos Santos, O grande momento (1958), O Homem do Sputnik (1959), Minervina vem aí! (1959), Quanto mais samba, melhor (1961), Os Apavorados (1962), Entre mulheres e espiões (1962), entre outros. In 1950, he got married to the singer Juanita Castilho (pseudonym of Clarisse Maria de Noronha); they had two daughters, Sandra e Carla.
  • [2] Visit the site Instituto Jacob do Bandolim

 

1917

  • Born in Miracatu (São Paulo State, SP), the composer and guitar player Laurindo  Almeida, to whom Radamés dedicates many of his works, such as Concerto nº 4 para violão e orquestra [1] (for guitar and orchestra), made in 1967.

 

 

Radamés and Laurindo, in the 1940s.

 

 

  • In February, the Original Dixieland Jazz Band (ODJB) registers their first recording in the United States, which was the very first record by a jazz band.

 

  • Casa Edison (Odeon Records) in Rio de Janeiro, the first recording company in Brazil, presents the controversial samba Pelo Telefone [2], by Donga (Ernesto Joaquim Maria dos Santos, 1890-1974), and recorded by the singer Baiano [3]. That song definitely structures the samba genre, although it is still based in the maxixe rhythmic cells.

 

  • A huge Worker’s Strike breaks out in São Paulo, promoted by the anarchists. This is considered the first big political manifestation of workers in Brazil and it has spread into many other cities, such as Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro.

 

  • Decisive year for the First World War: the United States join the conflict. Russia withdraws because of their own revolution. Lenin assumes the power and announces the Russian Revolution’s victory.

 

__________

  • [1] This concert has been baptized by the subtitle “Concerto à brasileira” although Radamés had no sympathy nor has given his approval for it.
  • [2] Later on, the partnership with the journalist Mauro de Almeida, so called “the Cold Feet Turkey”. Other composers have required the partnership of this song, such as Sinhô. Some researchers consider this samba song as the first real samba to be recorded, while others consider it the first recorded samba to become a great success during Carnival.
  • [3] In 1902, the singer Baiano (Manoel Pedro dos Santos, 1870-1944) sung for Casa Edison the first record produced in Brazil, the lundu Isto é bom, by Xisto Bahia.

 

1915

  • At 9 years old, Radamés receives a distingueshed award from the Italian council, with a certificate and a medal, for his contribution as maestro and arranger of an infant small orchestra, belonging to the Italiens Society of Porto Alegre.

 

 

His sister Aída recalls:  “My mother used to tell us how the other children gave up playing, one after the other, because the arrangements were not so simple and easy to play. Radamés kept playing until the end and he was the only child that finally could play the whole piece”.  

 

 

 

  • Born in São Paulo (Capital of São Paulo State, SP), the composer and multi-instrumentalist of plucked strings Garoto (Aníbal Augusto Sardinha), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1951, the Concertino nº 2 para violão e orquestra.

 

 

 

Concertino nº 2 for guitar and ochestra

(piano reduction)

 

 

  • Baiano (Manuel Pedro dos Santos),a Bahian singer performs the march Ai, Filomena (J. Carvalho Bulhões), great  carnival success that year, joking with the President Hermes da Fonseca’s image, calling him an unlucky guy, whose nickname was “Mr. Dudu”.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the singer Orlando Silva (Orlando Garcia da Silva, 1915-1978), so called “the crowds’ singer”, considered by the specialized critics the greatest Brazilian singer of all times[1].

 

 

_________

  • [1] According to Radamés, Orlando was the very first singer ask him for an arrangement with plucked strings.  “After that, all artists from National Radio started to play with strings,”, used to tell the maestro.

 

1916

  • Born in Guaratinguetá (São Paulo State, SP), the composer and guitar player Dilermando Reis, to whom Radamés dedicates his Sonatina para violão e piano (for guitar and piano), in 1957.

 

  • Born in Jaguarão (Rio Grande do Sul State,RS), the composer and harmonic player Edu da Gaita (Eduardo Nadruz), to whom Radamés dedicates, in 1956, his Concertino nº 1 para harmônica de boca e orquestra de câmara. (for Harmonica and Chamber Orchestra)

 

 

Dedication:

 

“Radamés, words are not enough and limited to express my recognition for the honor you provided me by writing the ‘concertino’ for my harmonic. Here is the biggest and sincere hug from Edu, Rio, 08/13/957”.

.

 

 

 

  • Sinhô (José Barbosa da Silva, 1888-1930) artistically projects himself playing piano at Japan Kananga Club, at Praça 11, Rio de Janeiro, which deeply contributes to the fixation of the samba genre.

1914

  • Born in Petropolis (Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), the composer, violinist, researcher and Professor César Guerra-Peixe.

 

  • Born in Salvador (Capital of Bahia State, BA), the composer Dorival Caymmi [1].

 

 

  • Pixinguinha (Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho), 17 years old, Donga (Ernesto dos Santos), among other regulars of Tia Ciata [2] form the Caxangá Group.

 

  • Dona Nair de Teffé, the President Hermes da Fonseca’s young wife and considered the first caricature artist of Brazilian press (Rian), has presented The Corta-Jaca, by Chiquinha Gonzaga, played her guitar and sung at Catete Palace. The First Lady performance has been considered a noisy scandal in the newspapers, with an outraged article by Rui Barbosa.

 

  • In July 28th, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire declares a war state against the Serbia, starting the First World War.

___________

  • [1] Dorival Caymmi, in 1938, passed on to Radamés the popular song Flor da noite (“sung by a popcorn maker, under the moonlight”). Radamés has loved it so much that he kept the theme and applied it into many different compositions, such as the inspired second movement of his Sinfonia Popular nº 1.
  • [2] Hilária Batista de Almeida, famous Bahian cooker, well known as Tia Ciata, used to organize in her house, at Cidade Nova, in Rio de Janeiro, musical sessions for samba and choro songs. Apparently, the classic samba song Pelo Telefone, with controverted authorship, has come out from those sessions.

1913

  • In December, the violin player Olga Fossati, Radamés’ cousin and professor, registers three records for Casa Edison (Odeon Records), in Rio de Janeiro[1].  

 

raizes_Olga Fossati and her uncle Paschoal Fossati have registered three long-play records at Edson House, for Odeon Records, in December, 1913.

 

 

 

 

raizes_Paschoal Fossati, Radames’ uncle, studied cello and has graduated in Belgium, coming to Brazil in the fourties, when he entered the Municipal Theatre Symphonic Orchestra, staying there until he retired. Aída recalls: “He played extremely well but he hated to be on spot, so he used to sit far in the back ”.

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, State), the poet, writer and composer Vinícius de Moraes (Marcus Vinicius da Cruz de Melo Moraes), who wrote the lyrics of Operário em construção, music by Radamés, in 1966, a popular cantata.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, State), the singer, composer and radio broadcaster Paulo Tapajós, that together with Almirante, José Mauro, Haroldo Barbosa and Radamés forms the frontline of the greatest team of musical producers of the National Radio, for over a decade, during the forties and the fifties.

__________

1911

  • October 8th, born in Porto Alegre Aída Gnattali[1], Radamés’ sister, great pianist and piano professor.

 

raizes_
Aida Gnattali, Radamés’ sister, was one year old.

 

  • Born in São Paulo (Capital of São Paulo State, SP), the conductor and arranger Leo Peracchi which formed, together with Lyrio Panicalli and Radamés, the frontline of the great maestros of the National Radio, for over a decade, during the forties and the fifties.

 

  • Pixinguinha (Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho) exhibits his first professional performance at 14 years old as a flutist in two orchestras in Rio de Janeiro.

___________

  • [1] Aída Gnattali (1911-2008) also started her piano classes with her mother Adélia and violin with her cousin Olga; she entered the Conservatory of Porto Alegre at 10 years old directly to the second grade, studying with Julieta Felizardo Leão and Célia Lassance. She graduated in 1929, at 18 years old. Very talented, she never wanted to develop her own career as a soloist, intensively acting at the National Radio with her brother Radamés, either in piano duet or with his sextet, including their tours in Europe. She has been an outstanding piano teacher and copyist, dedicating most of her time to her brother’s arrangements and compositions. On October 8th 2004 Aída commemorated her 93rd birthday. Healthy and clear minded, she still handles her piano classes and she has immensely contributed to this present catalogue with her precious memories generating clear and precise information.

1910

  • Maria Weingärtner Fossati (1851-1910), Radamés’ gramma from his mother’s side dies in Porto Alegre, RS, when she was 59 years old. She was the daughter of German immigrants, and a cousin of the famous painter, drawer and printmaker Pedro Weingärtner [1].

 

  • Radamés started his piano studies when he was 3 or 4 years old, with his mother Adélia, as per his own briefing at the Image and Sound Museum (RJ), during the Distinguished Personalities Cycle, on August 28th, 1985.

 

 

Photo restored by Jussara Gomes Gruber, 2008. (Aída Gnattali's provate collection)

Carlo Fossati and Maria Weingärner Fossati, Radamés ‘maternal grandparents, with their children, in 1902. Standing, from left to right, Adélia (Radamés’ mother), Camillo, Cesar, Emília, Vittorio, Arthur, Pascoal and Frederica. Seated, Paulina, Maria (mother), Nina (Ítala), Carlito (Carlo, son), Carlo (father) and Virgílio. Everyone studied music. Women, piano; men, piano and violin or cello. Vittorio, in addition to the piano, played the flute very well. [2]

 

 

  • Ernesto Nazareth (1863-1934) composes the Brazilian-tango Odeon, for piano solo.

 

  • On November 23rd the Revolta da Chibata [3]  breaks out in Rio de Janeiro.

____________

  • [1] Pedro Weingärtner (Porto Alegre RS 1853 – 1929). Painter, printmaker, lithographer, drawer, and professor. Read more.
  • [2] Photo restored by Jussara Gomes Gruber, 2008 (Aída Gnattali’s private collection)
  • [3] Leaded by João Candido, the Revolta da Chibata was a rebellion inspired in the chibata punishment, which means blowing the body with a cane. Read more.

1908

  • Born in Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul, RS, State), on February 13th, Ernani Gnattali [1], Radamés’ brother.

 

 

Radamés and Ernani.

 

 

  • The Escola de Belas Artes (Fine Arts), was founded in Porto Alegre, where Radamés concluded his piano studies, in 1924.

 

  • Born in Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul, RS, State), the violin player and composer Luís Cosme [2], part of the Henrique Oswald Quartet, in the mid-twenties, in Porto Alegre, Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, with whom Radamés was the viola player.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, State), the singer and radio man Admiral (Henrique Foréis Domingues), known as the major patent in the radio, who strengthened the top musical producers at the National Radio, during the forties and the fifties, with Haroldo Barbosa, José Mauro, Paulo Tapajós and Radamés.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, State) the percussionist Luciano Perrone [3], first Brazilian instrumentalist to systemize and transpose the rythm of the Samba Schools into drums. Radamés has dedicated to him the Brasiliana Nº2 (Samba in three movements), among others.

 

 

  • The singer, composer and popular poet Catulo da Paixão Cearense performs a controversial audition of popular music, at the National Institute of Music, in Rio de Janeiro, supported by maestro Alberto Nepomuceno, criticized by the more conservative wing of musician community.

 

  • San Diego (California/EUA) presented the first Broadcast from a Radio Station in the United States.

 

  • The Brazilian Confederation of Brazilian Workers, sympathizers with the anarchism [4] breaks out further to the First Workers Congress, in 1906.

 

__________

  • [1] Ernani Gnattali (1908–1968) studied piano with his mother very early. He’s fallen in love with the violin though, and has dedicated to his cousin Olga Fossati’s instrument.  His musician brothers used to say that he played very well, but he never became a real professional instrumentist. He worked as a copyist at the National Radio for 20 years but in 1960 he moved to a Federal Public Administration career.
  • [2] Luiz Cosme was a great Radamés’ youth friend. Read more:  http://www.abmusica.org.br/academico/luiz-cosme/
  • [3] Luciano Perrone (Rio de Janeiro, 1908-2001) and Radamés Gnattali have met in 1929, at a resort area in Lambari, State of Minas Gerais (MG). His comprehension and domain of Brazilian rhythms, further to his technique were his major characteristic that has influenced and inspired Radamés’ orchestration work. Their mutual collaboration was the tonic of their partnership for a life, at the National Radio, the Continental Records, the Radamés Gnattali Quintet and Sextet.
  • [4] Radamés used to say he had been grown up among the ideas and concepts of anarchism, transmitted by his father and grandfather, as well as for Family friends, such as the shoemaker Caetano dal Fiume.

1907

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro City, (capital of Rio de Janeiro ,RJ, State), the composer and producer Carlos Alberto Ferreira Braga, famous Braguinha, also known as João de Barro[1].

 

 

  • In the United States, people experience the first radio transmissions.

__________

  • [1] Braguinha (or João de Barro) was director and artistic director of Continental Recording Company, launching in the forties, a series of stories for children inspired in the universal literature, where he created the songs and soundtrack with orchestrations by Radamés. Immune to time travel, the collection enter the 21st century remastered in CD by Warner Records in 2001.

 

1906

  • Born Radamés Gnattali, on January 27th, in Porto Alegre (Capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, RS), exactly in the same day and month of the 150 anniversary of Mozart

 

“You see that rubber sucker, pretty new ? Mom would insist that he uses it but, no way, he never accepted “, recalls Aída.

 

  • Born in Queluz (São Paulo, SP, State) the conductor and arranger Lyrio Panicalli which formed, together with Leo Peracchi and Radamés, the frontline of the great maestros of the National Radio, for over a decade, during the forties and the fifties.

 

 

  • Between the 15th and the 20th of April, takes place in Rio de Janeiro, the First Brazilian Workers’ Congress, the reunion  of Union representatives from all over the country.

 

  • In Paris, Santos Dumont performs his first public flight with his 14 Bis, a vehicle heavier than the air and a gasoline-powered car.

 

1905

  • On April 27th, Alessandro Gnattali (1876-1942) [1] and Adelia Fossati (1880- 1954) got married in Porto Alegre.

 

Radamés Gnattali’s parents wedding.

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro, the famous lyric singer Bidu Sayão[1]  (Balduina de Moreira Sayão); Radamés was honored to tour with her to the South of Brazil as a pianist, in the thirties.

 

  • Launched in Brazil of the first comic for kids, O Tico-Tico.

 

‘O Tico-Tico’

 

  • For the first time in Rio de Janeiro, the classic Brazilian soccer match (so called the “grandpa classic”) between two of the most traditional soccer teams in the city: Fluminense and Botafogo (Radamés’ favorite soccer team), which victory has gone to the opponent for 6 x 0.

 

 

_______________

[1]

  • [1] Upon arrival in Brazil , coming from Italy, Alessandro decided to adopt the name of Alexandre. There is no news whether he had naturalized his nationality into Brazilian.
  • [2] “Bidu was great, she got it all right and quickly, we didn’t have to rehearse too much”, used to say Radamés.

1930

txt em ingles

1930

 

  • The 1930 Revolution breaks out in Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco and Paraíba [1], defeats President Washington Luís and the Old Republic, famous for its fraude elections,  for the vote sales, always in the oligarchies’ political interests.

 

  • Radamés (at 24 years old), the brothers Luiz and Sotero Cosme, among other friends, enlisted themselves as volunteers with the revolutionary forces. His dad, Alexandre, escorts them into the boarding.  When they got to Florianópolis though, the revolution was already over.

 

 

 

 

 

  • In September 17th, Radamés presents hir  Premier as a composer with a piano recital at Teatro São Pedro, in Porto Alegre. The pieces presented were Prelúdio n.º 2 (Paisagem) (Landscape) and Prelúdio n.º 3 , Cigarra (Cicata), both composed in the same year.

 

programas_

 

 

 

 

  • The violinist Romeu Ghipsman records at Odeon the piece Canto de violino, for violin and piano. On the score sheet, in the author’s private collection, the title is Violino (1928). This piece is a transcription of Romance (sem palavras), for piano solo, from 1927. Probably the first Radamés’ composition ever professionally recorded.

 

 

 

Radamés composes: 

  • Alma Brasileira (choro) – para piano solo (for piano solo)
  • Prelúdio n.º 2 (Paisagem) – para piano solo (for piano solo)
  • Prelúdio n.º 3 (Cigarra) – para piano solo (for piano solo)
  • Rapsódia brasileira – para piano solo(for piano solo) dedicada a Ângelo Guido
  • Serestas nº 1 para quarteto de cordas (for string quartet)

 

 

 

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State), the guitar player Manoel da Conceição Chantre (Mão de Vaca), for whom Radamés had great respect [2].

 

 

 

  • The first live radio broadcasts show up in Rio de Janeiro.

 

  • Adhemar Gonzaga creats the Cinédia, the first Brazilian cinematographic movie company.

__________

  • [1] The New Provisory Government of President Getulio Vargas is established in Rio de Janeiro, Capital of the Republic. The President defeates all the State Governors and dissolves the National Congress, while he creates the Ministry of Work, Ministry of Industry and Commerce and Ministry of Education and Public Health.
  • [2] During an interview at Image and Sound Museum, in Rio de |Janeiro (Capital of Rio de Janeiro State, RJ), in 1985, Radamés has stated: “In the beginning of Bossa Nova, I would call him up and ask: Manoel, what is the harmony in that song? He would then briefly sing the notes of the chords, all the dissonances. It is amazing!” Manoel, present that day, would say: “I’ve studied, maestro, by my ear has always hindered me”.